Thursday, January 30, 2014

Cost to Convert Renewables into Electricity



A study by the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE provides a current cost comparison for the conversion of different forms of energy into electric current and a forecast for the further development of costs by the year 2030. The Freiburg scientists analyze both the electricity production costs for renewable and conventional energy technologies. They present comparative figures for new power plants based on solar, wind and biogas, as well as brown, coal and gas in Germany. The study shows that electricity generation costs of renewable energy have fallen sharply in recent years and have reached the connection to the cost of conventional power generation technologies. By 2030, the cost of electricity from PV and wind systems are even located in Germany under which fossil fuel power plants.



Cost to Convert Renewables into Electricity in Germany





Renewable and conventional energies compared

The scientists analyzed photovoltaic systems at sites in Germany with a horizontal global radiation 1000-1200 kWh / (m² a). Their conclusion: Cost-effective ground-mounted PV systems that are built in 2013 in southern Germany can achieve electricity production costs of around 0.08 € / kWh. Even small rooftop PV systems in northern Germany can produce for less than 0.14 € / kWh of electricity today and are well below the average household electricity price of 0.29 € / kWh.

For wind turbines showed: On very good sites produce onshore wind turbines at a lower cost electricity than coal or gas and steam power plants. The electricity generation costs for onshore wind energy is today from 0.05 to 0.11 € / kWh. In contrast, offshore wind turbines seen despite higher full-load hours with 0.12 to 0.19 € / kWh significantly higher electricity production costs. In the offshore technology, however, there is still considerable cost reduction potential, while it is nearly maxed out at onshore wind turbines. Biogas plants arrive depending on usage and type of fuel to 0.14 to 0.22 € / kWh.

"The decisive factor for the competitiveness of renewable and conventional energy sources are not the cost alone, but also upstream and downstream costs," says Christoph Kost, project leader at Fraunhofer ISE. "Natural conditions such as sunlight and wind supply, financing costs and risk premiums for new power plants have considerable influence on the results. Only with their account, we can really compare the electricity production costs of individual technologies together and illustrate the competitiveness of renewable energy convincing. "

As reference values, the study draws on the electricity production costs of new conventional lignite, hard coal and natural gas power plants. Depending on the assumed full load hours, fuel and CO2 allowance prices are in electricity generation costs of lignite-to-date with up to 0,053 € / kWh, coal at up to 0.080 Euro / kWh and gas and steam power plants (CCPP) at up to 0.098 Euro / kWh.

Photovoltaic and wind Outlook and Forecast 2030

After evaluation and comparison of all the data give the scientists of the Fraunhofer ISE following outlook: "By 2030, the electricity production costs for photovoltaic, will decrease to 0.06 to 0.09 € / kWh. Thus, even small roof installed PV systems compete with onshore wind and the increased electricity production costs of brown coal, hard coal and combined cycle power plants, "says Prof. Eicke R. Weber, Director of Fraunhofer ISE. Onshore wind turbines will also reduce their electricity production costs compared to conventional power plants and by 2020 be comparable to brown coal, as the full-load hours of conventional power plants will decline in the course of the energy transition and CO2 allowance prices could rise. In a comparison of renewable energy among each other shows that the cost of PV and onshore wind turbines are the future at the same level significantly below 0.10 € / kWh. The race for the cost leadership will win these two technologies so clear. Although offshore wind farms have higher costs, but at the same time the advantage of higher full-load hours. The higher costs for biomass plants is offset by their controllability.

Saudi Aramco cuts February propane price to $970/T

State-run Saudi Aramco has cut its February contract price for propane at $970 a tonne, down $40 from the January level, an industry source said on Thursday. Butane prices for February 2014 were also cut to $970 a tonne, down $50 from January level of $1020. The prices provide a benchmark against which Middle East sales of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to Asia are priced. Following is a table of Saudi Aramco's contract prices of propane and butane per tonne in U.S. dollars. 

Product  February 2014  -  January 2014  Change 
Propane  $970                          $1010                  -40
Butane     $970                           $1020                   -50

Related:

Saudi Aramco March Propane Futures Drop 3%
Saudi Aramco cuts March propane price to $855/T

Friday, January 24, 2014

Innovative heat supply in Germany



In Nationwide unprecedented project, the Nova bath subsidiary WÄRMEPLUS and the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE have joined forces with the support of the city of Freiburg and developed an innovative solar thermal energy system for an urban development area. Here, a heat supply system is combined for the first time based on combined heat and power with decentralized solar thermal. The heat power can also be turned off in the summer.

The development area is located in the district Gutleutmatten Haslach, which will be further developed "energy district Haslach Climate-neutral community" as part of the Baden-Württemberg Support Framework. The city had commissioned in accordance with the urban design competition aims to develop an innovative energy supply in order to realize another example from an environmental perspective flagship project. To 4.1 hectares in 2017 to about 500 new housing units for 1,300 residents arise. The supply scope of the project is planned 39 multi-family homes and 10 townhouses with a heated floor area of approximately 40,000 m 2 . This centrally located building area is thus part of the district-oriented climate policy and a major project with a special meaning in the Freiburg area.

To match this, have bathing Nova WärmePlus and the Fraunhofer ISE developed jointly with the city of Freiburg, a novel solar thermal heat supply. The concept is a combination of distributed solar thermal and district heat from the CHP plant in the Staudinger Comprehensive School. The solar thermal systems calculated to cover the summer heat requirement and allow at this time to shut down the heating network.

The heat builds bathing Nova subsidiary WÄRMEPLUS and operates the heating network and all residential systems including collector system, heat storage, transfer station and DHW heating. The company invested 3.5 million euros for the project. CEO Klaus Preiser pleased about the new challenge: "We will show that a district heating can make sense even for buildings with very good thermal insulation. We achieve this in  the one hand by an effective heat production from our operated with bio-methane cogeneration plant in the Staudinger Gesamtschule, which is at the same time produce green electricity for more than 1,200 households. Secondly, we achieve this through consistent integration of solar heat. Thus, the project is nationwide currently unique and has clear pioneer character. "

In order to make results and experiences in retrospect for other projects available, the project as part of the joint research and development project is "Solar Thermal in the city's energy supply (EnWiSol)" of the Fraunhofer ISE and bathing Nova WärmePlus monitored and analyzed by a team from the Fraunhofer ISE. Sebastian Herkel, Head of Solar construction at Fraunhofer ISE on the project: "The aim of the project is an energy-economic evaluation of solar thermal systems in the urban energy supply. The development of management strategies of heat supply systems based on combined heat and power in conjunction with decentralized solar thermal generation is investigated. "In the best case, it could be generally applicable rules for long-term use of solar thermal energy in comparable residential areas and in the context of a massively changing energy supply structure derived.

The Federal Environment Ministry supports the joint research and development projects at the Fraunhofer ISE and bathing Nova WärmePlus with a total of around 1.7 million euros as part of its research program for renewable energy.

Dieter Wörner, Chairman of the Environment Protection Agency of the City of Freiburg, explains the significance of the novel heat supply for the city: "With this innovative heat supply we get to our ambitious urban climate protection target that Freiburg until 2030 approximately 40% of the CO 2 will reduce emissions significantly closer . The heat supply of new buildings is CO 2 -neutral done. The building standard shall be according to the building land policy principles of Freiburg approximately corresponding to the efficiency house 55 KfW, so that the current KfW assistance can be availed. "

In addition to the new concept of heat supply also a consulting concept for the building owners will be prepared by the city, which provide information about the energy efficiency.Prospects and future clients along with a complimentary consultation to the technical requirements of the heat supply, construction standards and energy-related issues. End of October, the tender of the land has been started. Applicants for the land may 0800 / 7.24003 million receive a free initial consultation to all energy issues associated with the construction project at Tel number.

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Saudi Aramco Propane Futures getting closer to January CP price


Saudi Aramco Swap Futures Prices of Propane Increased this week, thus the prices are getting closer to the January Propane Contract Price of Saudi Aramco. However there is still $56 gap between the January propane CP price($1010) and February Swap future($954).



Saudi Aramco Propane Futures Jan 23 2014


China may import feedstock butane on robust demand in 2013-2014



Chinese state oil and gas company Sinopec plans to bring in the first commissioning cargo at its Qingdao terminal in October, according to a source close to the process.The 3mtpa capacity terminal, located in the Shandong province in eastern China, is around 85% complete and construction is expected to be completed in the second half of year, allowing Sinopec to import its maiden LNG cargo in October.

A Sinopec spokesperson has previously said that the company would consider purchasing spot LNG cargoes for the terminal before the start-up of its long-term contracts, although it could not be determined whether the state company has already started to make enquires with suppliers for the commissioning cargoes.Sinopec plans to bring contractual LNG into Qingdao from the ExxonMobil-led PNG LNG project in Papua New Guinea where Sinopec has a 2mpta offtake agreement. The project is expected to start operations in late 2014.

 China Lng import Sources


Additional LNG supplies will then come from the Australia Pacific LNG (APLNG) project, where Sinopec has purchased 4.3mtpa from the initial APLNG train, expected to start operations in 2015, and 3.3mtpa from the second train in 2016.

Sinopec’s natural gas subsidiary will operate the terminal and has been in discussions with downstream customers to import LNG via truck delivery, a company source said. The state company also plans to establish a joint venture with private Chinese energy company ENN Trading and Hengtong Logistics to establish a LNG truck delivery service from the terminal.

ENN and Hengtong Logistics have over 300 trucks in service.Sinopec’s LNG import plans had languished behind those of China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC) and PetroChina, its two state-owned competitors, but having secured long-term supplies, Sinopec has stepped up the pace of its terminal plans in an effort to build market share.After the completion of the Qingdao facility, Sinopec aims to finish the construction of its 3mtpa facility at Lianyungang in the northeast Jiangsu region in 2015, its 3.5mtpa Beihai LNG terminal in Guangxi province by the end of 2015, and its 3mtpa terminal in the northern Tianjin province by 2016.


China's Natural gas production and consumption 2000-2011

Arctic Gold sent power prices to record highs


Day ahead average on peak prices



A record-setting bout of bitter cold weather swept down through the Midwest and across most of the country in early January. The Northeast region reacted with upward spikes in wholesale natural gas and power prices as generators and other customers struggled to procure natural gas supplies. In the Mid-Atlantic region, record-high winter peak demand along with unexpected outages of power plants and natural gas equipment drove peak electricity prices even higher than in New York and New England. The sharp rise in Northeast and Mid-Atlantic natural gas and power demand also spurred record-high natural gas storage withdrawals.

Winter 2013-2014 and 5 year average net storage withdrawals



Last week's widespread, record-breaking cold weather had significant effects across virtually all segments of the U.S. natural gas market. The frigid temperatures led to record highs in demand, storage withdrawals, and prices.

The week ending January 10 posted a record-high net withdrawal of 287 billion cubic feet (Bcf) from underground, natural gas storage facilities. The January 10 withdrawal is the largest for the 20 years for which data exist and the latest in a season already characterized by withdrawals much larger than average. This week's storage withdrawal was the second record-breaking weekly stock draw this season; the withdrawal of 285 Bcf for the week ending December 13 exceeded the previous record of 274 Bcf from January 2008. Cumulative net withdrawals, as of January 10, 2014, exceeded the previous record levels posted during the 2000-2001 heating season. Bentek Energy estimated stock draws hit 57.1 Bcf on January 6, and then 67.9 Bcf the following day. The next-highest draw was 52.9 in February 2011.

High storage withdrawals were expected to meet surging demand for heating from the residential, commercial, and electric power sectors, with analyst estimates, as published by Bloomberg, ranging between 278 and 321 Bcf. The cold weather also impacted natural gas production. Freeze-offs occurred in the parts of the Marcellus Shale in northeastern Pennsylvania and in the Fayetteville Shale in Arkansas, according to Bentek Energy. Dry natural gas production dropped to 61.9 Bcf on January 8, the lowest level since September 2012, and has been gradually increasing since then, reaching nearly 66 Bcf as of January 16.

Net seasonal withdrawals from storage as of January 10- 2000- 2014


In the Northeast, where more than half of homes use natural gas as their primary space-heating fuel, several pipelines issued critical notices and operational flow orders (OFOs) to prevent system imbalances. Additionally, Texas Eastern Pipeline, a major interstate pipeline supplying the Northeast, issued a force majeure (which frees both parties from upholding contractual obligations in the event of extraordinary circumstances) following unplanned maintenance at a compressor station in Pennsylvania.

Natural gas prices in the Northeast spiked to between $30 and $40 higher than the benchmark Henry Hub price. On the Transcontinental Pipeline's Zone 5 line, which serves Mid-Atlantic customers, prices reached $72.43/MMBtu on Monday. Prices in New York and New England also rose far into the double digits, with Transco's Zone 6 delivery point, serving New York City, at $56.59/MMBtu, and the Algonquin Citygate, serving Boston, at $34.14/MMBtu.

The extreme cold temperatures that affected Northeast natural gas markets during the first half of last week arrived earlier in the Midwest, where about 68% of households use natural gas for heating. While it is common for prices to spike in the Northeast during times of high demand, Midwest prices are normally close to Henry Hub prices, as the region does not typically have major supply bottlenecks. Prices at the Chicago Citygate rose to levels almost $10/MMBtu greater than Henry Hub prices on Friday, January 3, as temperatures in the Midwest dipped to levels that prompted the Chicago Zoo to bring its polar bear indoors. Both ANR Pipeline and NGPL, major interstate pipelines that send natural gas to the Midwest, issued OFOs, and many other pipelines in the region issued critical notices that curtailed normal gas-flow scheduling to maintain balance on their systems.


The PJM Interconnection's (PJM's) electric system, which covers the broader Mid-Atlantic region and parts of the Midwest, broke its previous record winter peak demand (136,675 MW in 2007) two times on January 7, hitting a new peak of 141,312 MW. This level was about 7% higher than PJM's forecasted peak.

Day ahead average on peak power prices -Massachusetts 


The extremely cold temperatures, combined with unexpected outages of power plants and a natural gas compressor station in western Pennsylvania, pushed day-ahead, average on-peak power prices up to $268.84/MWh and natural gas spot prices to $33.53/MMBtu. Real-time, hourly prices during January 7-8 reached as high as the $800/MWh range with 15-minute periods of more than $2,000/MWh.

Day ahead average on peak power prices -New York 


Unlike in New York and New England, these price movements went far above prices seen in PJM last winter. PJM relies to a lesser extent on natural gas for power than the Northeast, and the atypical weather and unexpected power plant outages likely played a bigger role in the price spikes than persistent natural gas supply constraints. According to PJM's preliminary report, there were nearly 40,000 MW of forced outages on the evening of January 7 and morning of January 8, far more than encountered during the top six winter peak demand days of the past five years, which saw, at most, about 16,000 MW of forced outages. PJM estimates around 6,000 to 9,000 MW of the January 7-8 outages were due to natural gas curtailments.

Day ahead average on peak power prices -Mid Atlantic- PJM Western Hub 


In response to the extreme weather conditions, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) granted PJM a temporary emergency waiver to allow it to exchange nonpublic information with interstate natural gas pipelines about gas availability for power generators and generation schedules. FERC had ruled in November 2013 to allow interstate natural gas pipeline and electric system operators to share nonpublic operational information to facilitate natural gas and power reliability. However, PJM had not completed implementation of the ruling by the time the January weather hit.


Record cold weather pummeled energy infrastructure across the U.S., prompting gas pipeline operators to reduce flows, fuel terminals to shut loading racks and refineries to scale back production.The cold snap boosted natural gas on the spot market a 17-month high. Temperatures in several cities across the eastern half of the U.S. dropped to record lows, with New York’s Central Park hitting 4 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 16 Celsius) , breaking a mark for the date set in 1896, according to AccuWeather.


Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Gigawatt-scale photovoltaic factory for Europe



To restore the competitiveness of European industry for the future photovoltaic technology again and get, a consortium - consisting of leading European research institutes and companies - the concept for a multi-gigawatt factory. Objective is the promotion of photovoltaics as, Key Enabling Technology ', a strategically important key technology at European level.

European manufacturers of solar cells and modules have great difficulty to exist in the current crisis in the industry. However, the European solar research institutes, contractors and material manufacturers in the photovoltaic industry remain a technology leader. Without close cooperation with strong customers in Europe but their independence and their locations are increasingly at risk. The xGWp - Consortium meets this challenge with a new concept.

The photovoltaic plays a leading role in the energy mix of a sustainable energy supply. She has experienced a strong price reduction, the competitiveness of the electricity production cost of PV to fossil fuels has already been achieved in many markets. In the next few years, the global photovoltaic market will grow very strong. Against this background, the European consortium wants to keep up with the transition to a new generation of technology, the strong position of Europe in this future technology and use with a production in the gigawatt scale, as is now common in Asia, economies of scale. A central aspect of the new initiative is to ensure continuous innovation through the participation of the leading European research institutes in this field.

The project will contribute to making the European photovoltaic industry at a time when competitive again, to the global demand is gaining momentum again. For 2014, is expected to be the world market of 45 gigawatts, 2020 100 gigawatts or more are anticipated. As a European flagship project, it should radiate and show about the production beyond that developed with appropriate approaches in Europe technologies can be also produced here.The new technology is to be used primarily in the countries where strong sunlight makes the use of solar power very attractive right now. Both for the replacement of energy imports as well as export product may Photovoltaics for Europe become economically important.

The core group of the consortium include the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE (D), the Institut National de l'Energie Solaire CEA-INES (F) and the Centre Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnology CSEM (CH) as well as several European industrial companies.

Monday, January 20, 2014

National University of Singapore and BASF start joint graphene research



The graphs Research Center (GRC) of the National University of Singapore (NUS) and BASF have entered into a collaboration to graphs in devices based on organic electronics such as organic light emitting diodes (OLED) develop. The goal of the collaboration is to couple graphene films with material from organic electronics to produce more efficient and flexible lighting units.

"The motto of the GRC is: Invent the Future. Accordingly, we conduct our activities graph together with the expertise of BASF in the field of organic materials to conduct joint research on the development of new technology approaches. We strive for a future that can be cleanly obtained in the energy efficiently transported and stored to provide a better and healthier life , " says Prof. Antonio Castro Neto, Director of graphene research center and a senior professor at the Department of Physics at the NUS Faculty for Science and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the NUS Faculty of Engineering.

"Graphene is a fascinating material, both in terms of its electronic properties as well as its mechanical strength. We investigate graphs for many years and are now ready to enter into partnerships with centers of excellence to accelerate application development and complete, "said Dr. Josef R. Wünsch, Senior Vice President, Modeling & Formulation Research says at BASF , who also for the technology is responsible incubation in graphene research.

The team from the GRC will take over the synthesis and characterization of graphene films. The researchers have already developed a patent-pending method that ensures the reliable growth and the transfer of high-quality graphene films on various flexible substrates. This enables its use in solar cells, and illuminating elements. BASF develops and electronically active organic materials ready, which can then be installed together with the graphs films into an application.

"Graphene is a very important building block for the future of lighting and energy storage systems with low weight. We expect the cooperation with the GRC that the performance of organic electronics will be significantly improved with the use of graphs, "Dr. Kitty Cha, graphs, researcher says at BASF, which is responsible for the project.

The scientific aspects of cooperation are by Professor Loh Kian Ping , a leading chemist at the GRC and Director of the Institute of Chemistry at the NUS Faculty of Sciences , co-ordinates . The OLED project aims to develop a reliable process that can be transferred with the aid of graphs in OLED applications and pasted.Here, researchers are faced with the challenge of having to work with graphene layers in the atomic scale and to connect efficiently with the organic material. If graphs are successfully integrated into OLED and others, based on organic electronics devices, it makes them cheaper, more flexible and more efficient.

"Graphene, one of the crystalline forms of carbon, was comparatively short time ago, in 2004, discovered.The GRC, which has already been a leader in the graphene research, now established itself as a partner of the industry in order to make up for the graph of a variety of different industries accessible to new applications, "says Irene Cheong, Director of the NUS Industry Liaison Office , which is also the cooperation with BASF has made ​​possible.

Thursday, January 16, 2014

The Top 3 Countries for Energy Transformation Index : Sweden, Brazil, Italy



The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE has developed an index that determines the extent to which energy policy in various countries around the world is already well advanced. This "Energy Transformation Index" (ETI) measures both the establishment of renewable forms of power generation such as photovoltaics and the really efficient use of energy.

Germany lies with the progress of the energy revolution behind the countries of Sweden, Brazil and Italy on a par with Japan and the United Kingdom to fourth place. The results of the "Energy Transformation Index" (ETI), a new ranking, which will in future regularly publish together with the International Solar Energy Society ISES the Freiburg Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE. "So far there has been no methodical approach with which we could describe the progress of individual countries and regions quantitatively on the way to the energy revolution," says Prof. Dr. Eicke Weber, Director of Fraunhofer ISE. The now developed EIT would permit for the first time, to describe the situation of a country in this respect by a catchy number. "Compared to other states if it is considered that the energy revolution in this country is not as advanced as it is generally believed," says Weber.

"The basis for this new index an idea that was introduced two years ago at the annual meeting of the research network Renewables FVEE," says Weber. The former representation described on the x-axis the share of renewable energy in the total energy mix. On the ordinate, the energy efficiency found as the ratio of gross domestic product (GDP) or "gross domestic product" (GDP) and energy consumption. »The defined here Energy efficiency is the inverse of the known energy intensity of GDP, which describes how much energy is required to produce a unit of GDP," says Weber. "The inverse amount, which describes how much dollars in economic performance can be obtained for a unit of energy should be as large as possible and is therefore well suited as the ordinate of such a graph."

"After the progress in the transformation of the energy system in two essential aspects of energy efficiency and the development of renewable energies, clearly, it became clear there was to consider whether it is not a catchy number could be developed," said Weber about the origin of the "Energy Transformation Index. " However, in order to ensure consistency, must be produced on the abscissa, a reference to the overall power consumption. "As a target of the transformation of the energy system should of course a percentage of 100 percent renewable energies are, on the ordinate, however, is a target of the energy efficiency more difficult to define," says Weber. Fraunhofer ISE is selected as the target of the efficiency value of two dollars a kilowatt-hour, roughly double the efficiency of today's Germany.

Now, to create an index, it was the first approach, the length of the vector from the origin (0,0) with each point for a specific country to calculate, and to share this length by the length of the optimal vector. A more detailed analysis shows, however, that this approach would reward deviations on the way to the ideal point," says Weber, "for countries that initially emphasized only one of the two factors, performed better than countries that are already on the ideal 45 - progressed degree path. "So it made sense to define the projection of the vector as an index of a particular country on the diagonal, divided by the length of the ideal vector.
Energy Transformation Index of Countries- ETI



In the result, Sweden is in the presented at the ISES conference first ranking of 17 states in the first place with an EIT of 40 just ahead of Brazil with 39 Germany (30) follows behind Italy (34) Japan (30) and the UK (30) par on the fourth. When the growth rate since the year 1990, however, Germany is located along with Britain at the top. In decapitated seats in the current index value is currently countries like the USA (18) and China (11) find. The EIT ranking also has a direct relation to the climate problem. 100% renewable energy also mean no CO2 emissions more from the energy sector, and also the improvement of energy efficiency affects of course directly in the reduction of CO2 emissions.

"In the future we would like to annually publish such a ranking to document which countries tackle the energy change seriously, and who thereby remains," says Weber. This should be considered the values ​​for the 82 major states as a basis. "We expect that this regular publication provides a further incentive to really deal effectively with the global task of the energy revolution," says Weber, "for mankind to live on a permanent basis only sustainably on our planet."

Electricity and gas figures of 2013 for Germany published


The share of renewables in electricity generation in Germany (2012: 22.8 percent) to a record high of 23.4 percent in the past year increased. While the generation of photovoltaic systems with a growth of 7.3 percent reached a new high, the proportion of wind blew due to weather conditions by 3.5 percent. So the wind comes to a share in the power generation of 7.9 (8.0), biomass of 6.8 (6.3), photovoltaics of 4.5 (4.2), water of 3.4 (3.5 ) and municipal solid waste of 0.8 (0.8) percent. This is clear from the first estimates of the Federal Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW) for the year 2013.


Notwithstanding the need for further increase the share of renewable energies remain the fundamental need for reform of the Renewable Energy Sources Act made ​​in terms of cost development. "The upcoming reform of the EEG is one of the core tasks of the new government in 2014. What is this in the coalition agreement, is not sufficient, but requires in relation to the design and schedules bolder action. Cost must be in the future in the promotion of renewable are in the foreground. extent, I can only hope that the present plan of the new government, a fundamental reform of the EEG to Easter, can also be implemented. " That said Hildegard Müller, Chairman of the BDEW the Executive Board, in Berlin today. , the share of natural gas in electricity generation was again strong in 2013 from 12.1 to 10.5 percent, as an economic operation of power plants no longer is often possible, BDEW. In just the first ten months of the use of natural gas in power plants, the power company to generate electricity and heat production is again decreased by over 13 percent. At the power plants that produce only electricity and no heat, the use of natural gas by as much as one-third (33.6 percent) is broken. Nuclear energy came to a share in the electricity generation of 15.4 percent (15.8). Coal-fired power plants contributed expected to be 19.7 percent (18.5). Lignite-fired power plants continue to hold the largest share with 25.8 percent (25.5) of electricity generation. At a share of 5.2 percent (5.3) of fuel oil, pumped storage and other equipment arrived.reasons for these developments in conventional power plants are loud BDEW both the increasing use of renewable energy for power generation, as well as the continuing difference between coal - and gas prices or the resulting specific electricity generation costs. This care on the one hand that increasingly are urged especially gas-fired power plants in Germany and in other European countries from the merit order, ie the order of the power plant operations for economy. On the other hand, is currently the German electricity prices for other countries attractive. these effects and the central geographic position of Germany in the EU are also the main reasons for the increase in physical power flows abroad in 2013. According to preliminary figures BDEW these have, on balance, a surplus abroad of around 33 billion kilowatt-hours: from (2012 23 billion kWh).Last year, the largest amount of electricity from Germany were flown to the Netherlands.However, this does not necessarily mean that these quantities were completely consumed in the Netherlands. A certain portion of the stream flowed, for example, in other countries as transit flows on, for example, from Belgium or the United Kingdom, the BDEW. The resulting excessive current flow from Germany to other countries is also a sign that the European internal energy market operates.

 Hildegard Müller: "These figures for electricity exchanges are explicitly not an indication of a calming situation in Germany as well as the high number of proposed power plant shutdowns shows at the Federal Network Agency The current high outflows abroad do not mean that it anywhere at any time a surplus of electricity. there. flow must always be available at each location. The power plant capacity must at all times be sufficient to cover the highest performance requirement of current customers. situation in the power sector, therefore, also requires immediate political action. Notice suggestions are on the table. " Müller made ​​beyond clearly what the energy industry expects this year by the new federal government and the EU. "cost must be the central policy goal for 2014 not only in the promotion of renewable energies, but also in the reduction of CO2 emissions, this also applies to Germany and the EU. The cost of avoided carbon dioxide emissions must not continue to be burdened with mainly electricity customers., if we want to reduce the CO2 emissions, then Berlin and Brussels must above all have the heat market and the transport sector in view. The associated opportunities, for example, the energy carrier should be finally used by the policy. "

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Petrobras gasoline launches new ultra-low sulfur content in Brazil



Petrobras launches new common premium gasoline and ultra low sulfur content, and distributed from January 1, 2014, replacing integrally throughout the Brazilian territory, the common premium gasoline and earlier.


The new gasoline are S-50 because they have a maximum sulfur content of 50 mg / kg or parts per million (ppm), representing a reduction of 94% from the sulfur content of gasoline previously marketed in Brazil, enabling the gifted introduction of modern technologies for treating and reducing emissions 35,000 tons / year of emissions of sulfur oxides (SOx) vehicles.



These gasolines reduce emissions of polluting gases leaving the engine exhaust pipe manufactured from 2009 up to 60% of nitrogen oxides (NOx) up to 45% of carbon monoxide (CO) and up to 55% Hydrocarbon (HC). New fuels also have benefits like low deposit formation on valves, fuel injectors and in the combustion chamber, increasing performance and prolonging the life of the catalyst, reduced engine wear, in addition to a longer life lubricant, maintaining energy efficiency with less maintenance cost.

Petrobras invests continuously in the development of its fuel and has pioneered the complete removal of lead in Brazilian gasoline in 1989.

The new gasolines are available in the network of filling stations throughout Brazil Petrobras as other national distributors and will remain identified in the suppliers of the service stations as "Common gasoline" or "premium gasoline," according to its type.

A new era in fuel


Between 2005 and 2013, Petrobras invested R $ 20.6 billion in 21 new units that allow gasoline production S-50 in all its refineries. This release consolidates a new era in fuel with ultra low sulfur content, a technological leap equivalent to the most demanding markets in the world quality.

Tuesday, January 7, 2014

Saudi Aramco Swap Futures Prices Increased

Saudi Aramco Swap Futures Prices of Propane Increased, but the prices are still $110 below the January Contract Price of Saudi Aramco.



Friday, January 3, 2014

Report shows need for urgent action for German network expansion

The monitoring report shows once again just how massive is necessary to intervene in the operation mode of power plants and save now in order to protect the power grid from being overloaded. "This underscores the urgency of network expansion, particularly in north-south direction. The power grid in Germany is available in some regions under considerable stress," said Hildegard Müller, Chairman of the Executive Board of the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW) in Berlin today on the occasion of Publication of Monitoring Report 2013, the Federal Network Agency.


The report will illustrate, moreover, that the network operators invest heavily in the operation, maintenance and expansion of the network infrastructure in the wake of the energy transition. After cost reduction potentials have been exploited in recent years, and now the network charges increased due to the high investments for the integration of renewable energies in the transmission and distribution networks again. More and more clearly it would also regionally diverse loads, the network operator by the energy challenges. "The regulatory framework therefore must in our view be differentiated further developed. Even with the current network fee system in the electricity sector adjustments are necessary in order to avoid perverse incentives and a lack of solidarity., Announced in the coalition agreement between the CDU / CSU and SPD improve investment conditions for distribution network operators are likely not to be pushed the back burner, "said Mueller. was also gratifying that the President of the Bundeskartellamt, Andreas Mundt, for a mandatory direct marketing for new plants for renewable energies pronounce. Also BDEW advocates.

According Monitoring Report 2012 slightly more than 43 percent of all generated EEG quantities were marketed directly.This was attributable to the 2012 introduced market premium model to which the BDEW 2011 a concrete implementation proposal developed and now submitted proposals for its further development. "In the coalition agreement between the CDU / CSU and SPD demanded also by BDEW market and system integration of renewables is rightly named as an important reform goal. Overlooking the concrete implementation and the timetable we see, however, still considerable room for improvement," said the chairman of the BDEW the Executive Board concludes. The monitoring report documenting also again that the competition can be referred to the electricity and gas market, even by European standards as a real success story. In particular, the development of competition in the gas market runs according to the Federal Network Agency continued to perform well.Accordingly, the domestic customers of more than 50 different gas suppliers are supplied in the majority of network areas. "The German gas market is one of the most competitive in Europe," said the chairman of the BDEW the Executive Board. The amounts reported in the monitoring report also reflected the integration of the European gas market. The high transit quantities contained herein are a testament to Germany's role as a major hub in the international gas trade. The same is true for the European electricity market, in which Germany would continue to be the major trading route.

Wednesday, January 1, 2014

Saudi Aramco cuts Janurary propane price to $1010/T

State-run Saudi Aramco has cut its January contract price for propane at $1010 a tonne, down $90 from the December level, an industry source said on Tuesday. Butane prices for January 2014 were also cut to $1020 a tonne, down $205 from December level of $1225. The prices provide a benchmark against which Middle East sales of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to Asia are priced. Following is a table of Saudi Aramco's contract prices of propane and butane per tonne in U.S. dollars. 

Product  January 2014  -  December 2013   Change 
Propane  $1010                           $1100                  -90
Butane     $1020                           $1225                   -205


Related : Saudi Arabia February 2014 propane price